History · Politics · Traditions

Unification Day of Bulgaria

On the 6th of September is the Unification Day of Bulgaria. To understand the importance of this day, the history needs to be understood as well. This is a National day and plays a vital role as it commemorates the unification of the principality of Bulgaria and the Ottoman province of Eastern Rumelia in 1885 and the end of the Russo-Turkish War. In Bulgarian this day is known as Ден на Съединението

HISTORY 

Bulgaria had fall into the Ottoman Empire in 1396, and was a part of their empire for centuries. By the help from Russia they finally became a own state. But still the Bulgarian state was still divided into two parts. The south part of Bulgaria named Eastern Roumelia, and was still a part of the Ottoman Empire. Because of the terms of the Treaty of Berlin from 1878, had been separating the state of Bulgaria with Eastern Roumelia. However, the Bulgarian citizens were not pleased with this decisions and showed this with a peaceful demonstration to show their dissatisfaction. First was the plan to return all the territories that Bulgaria had gained after the Treaty of San Stefano but it turned out to be impossible because it was unsuitable international situation. The consequences of this? The Bulgarian state had to give up Macedonia and also the rest Thrace.

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Picture: http://www.novinite.com/articles/131825/Bulgaria+Celebrates+National+Unification+Day

In 1880 they started to sharpen up the political situation. Zahari Stoyanov, was the name of the leader that on the 10th of February led a group of former revolutionaries, founded in Plovdiv which was the capital of Eastern Roumelia, to a secret committee. The name of this secret committee was BSCRC-Bulgarian Secret Central Revolutionary Committee, and in Bulgarian; БТЦРК – Български Таен Централен Революционен Комитет. BSCRC had regulations and programs which were connected to the organisation led by some of Bulgarias most important men in their history, Vasil Levski, Hristo Botev and Lyuben Karavelov. They were fighting for the Liberation of Bulgaria.

The BSCRC led to improved plans for actions and also improved the organisation for public events with dates significant to other Bulgarians. The 24-26 of July they hold a conference in Dermendare (today’s Parvanets), and the following meeting was hold the 23th of August, were they announced exactly how to proceed. The people of Goliamo Konare (Saedinenie) rose the 5th of September 1885. The consequences of this led to arresting the prefect of Plovdiv and the militia advanced toward the capital. The next day the palace in Plovdiv was surrounded and the governor Gavril Krastevich did not alert the Turks in Istanbul and proclaimed his support of the people´s cause. Georgi Stranski became the head of a temporary govenment which took control of the situation. Armed forces were commanded to prepare war with the Ottoman Empire. Knyaz Alexander (prince of the old capital Tarnovo), got a telegram about this, and he agreed to become a leader of the Unified Bulgaria. Knyaz Alexander arrived to Plovdiv the 9th of September and the temporary government was dismissed.

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A lithograph made by Nicolai Pavlovich, United Bulgaria

CELEBRATION OF THE UNIFICATION DAY

This day are being celebrated and honored from dawn to dusk, and the whole night. In Plovdiv a memorial marathon are being held, and flowers and wreaths are being laid at the monuments of Bulgarian national heroes. Many speeches are being hold around the square where the monument commemorate the Unification Day. There are concerts, praying in the churches, military parades and fireworks in the evening.

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Military Parade. Photo: http://www.novinite.com/articles/107546/Somber+Bulgaria+Marks+Unification+Day+in+Ohrid+Tragedy+Wake

In Sofia, the capital, as well as the rest of Bulgaria there are parades, ceremony´s with speeches and music. This is day of joy and pride, many Bulgarian remember their past and those who gave their life for the freedom of Bulgaria.

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Unification Monument in Plovdiv. Photo: the author 

Sources for this article:

Plevneliev: Bulgarians carry in their hearts the ideals of activists of Unification

http://www.novinite.com/articles/153424/Bulgaria+Celebrates+National+Unification+Day#sthash.YKKNmhFq.dpuf

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unification_Day_(Bulgaria)

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